The Digital Mr. Fix-It
Written by Steve Gay | Posted by: Anonymous
When Paolantonio started No Frills DVD he had a simple concept: a small company that would take your edited video or film and your artwork and transform it into a finished DVD at a reasonable cost. Then things changed. Cheap DVD burners and software hit the market and almost anyone with a home computer could edit and burn their own DVDs. If you had a printer, you could do the packaging yourself, too. But you also were free to make your own mistakes as well as your own DVDs. And therein hangs a tale.
Times change, and people must change with the times. Those who work in digital motion imaging are living and changing at a breakneck pace. There are a vast array of formats, codecs, and equipment that are changing daily, and the choices and possibilities seem almost endless. Wait a few months, and the landscape will change again.
People who want to tell a story through film or video follow a very long and tough road. Scripting, budgeting, finding talent, and all of the rest that goes into making a movie are daunting enough as it stands. Add to that the different output formats and the difficulties of getting from where you are — your original shooting format, to where you need to be — whatever format you need to deliver your project in, and the complexities become enormous. Each step along the way poses the possibility of making a bad choice that can be difficult to recover from.
Enter Perry Paolantonio. Paolantonio is becoming the Mr. Fix-It of the post production digital world. Located in a sixth floor office on Summer Street in Boston, the world is starting to beat a path to his door. To the uninitiated, what Paolantonio does may seem like digital alchemy. Taking almost any original format: film, DVD, digital files or videotape (both analog and digital), he is able to transform it into it a clean version of the intended final format.
When NewEnglandFilm.com met Paolantonio he was finishing up restoration on a seven-hour Hungarian film. After conversion from film to a digital intermediate format, the film was cleaned up frame by frame; scratches and signs of dirt were removed and any adjustments for color and density were made. (See the photos for similar examples of before and after.) Then the film is saved in a digital format, ready to be transferred to whatever final output format the producer wishes.
Gamma Ray Digital is the only digital film restoration house in New England. They handle everything from standard definition to 4k definition restoration work (although most work is being done now in standard definition, high definition or 2k definition). Film restoration is a laborious process and requires an enormous amount of attention to detail. Literally.
Paolantonio still does the DVD work he started with. Authoring DVDs, making sure the artwork conforms to DVD standards, supervising replication and duplication of the DVDs, etc. A quick word about the difference between DVD replication and duplication: What you and I do at home is DVD duplication; we take a blank DVD and a laser burns the file information into it. Replication is a different game. The Hollywood movie you buy on DVD is replicated, not duplicated. It’s similar to how vinyl records were made: they were pressed into being. A heated vinyl blank was stamped by metal dies that impressed small grooves around the record. In those grooves were the sound. A replicated DVD is made with glass masters that stamp the DVD material and imprint the image and audio files. Duplication is great if you only need a small number of DVDs, replication is called for if you need more than a few hundred.
Back to Gamma Ray Digital and Paolantonio. Most of Gamma Ray’s work comes from outside of the Boston area; this business is not about location, location, location. Film, videotape and digital files (on various media) get shipped in, worked on, and then shipped out again. Paolantonio finds most of his work through the web; he is very active on some of the DVD and film restoration forums and No Frills DVD and Gamma Ray Digital have websites (Gamma Ray Digital has also posted classifieds on NewEnglandFilm).
Gamma Ray is the only place in Boston to use the Spruce MPX3000 hardware MPEG encoder, which is one of the best MPEG encoders. This is how Hollywood makes their two-hour movies look so good on DVD. They have great (but expensive) technology not available to those who make DVDs at home.
Paolantonio is a friendly and open man who is very good with advice and suggestions. Some of his short-list of advice includes:
If you’re mastering a project, master in high definition. No one will be watching standard definition in a few years. Save the cost of re-mastering all over again by spending a few hundred dollars more now.
Be careful when using Photoshop for creating DVD menu and title pages. DVD standards for imaging and Photoshop standards are quite different. Using the wrong styles — especially custom colors — can create DVDs that take a long time to load before playing. Take some time and read up on the subject; it can save a lot of aggravation and expense later.
Think your project through. What format(s) will you need to output on? What is your path from your shooting and editing format(s) to your final output? How will you transcode (change from one format to another)? What software will you use? Would you be better off paying for a professional transfer with hardware-based transcoding?
Don’t despair. (Almost) any problem can be fixed somehow with enough thought and attention.
He doesn’t mind if you don’t take his advice; it might mean more business for him down the road.
Learn more at www.gammaraydigital.com.